John Mcdouall Stuart


The little-known Scot who opened up Australia Not a name which instantly comes to mind when someone asks about famous Scots John McDouall Stuart was a major force in the early exploration of Australia. John McDouall Stuart, one of the most important people associated with South Australian exploration, was born in Dysart, Fifeshire, Scotland, on 7 September 1815. Educated at Edinburgh and attended the Scottish Naval and Military Academy and later graduated as a civil engineer.

John McDouall Stuart Born ( 1815-09-07)7 September 1815, Died 5 June 1866 (1866-06-05) (aged 50), Occupation Explorer of, Surveyor, Grazier. John McDouall Stuart (7 September 1815 – 5 June 1866) is regarded as one of 's greatest.

He went on seven major exploring trips into the centre and north of Australia. He was leader of six of these. He spent more time out in the Australian exploring the land than any other explorer. On each trip, he was able to go further north and found that helped him with his final long journey.


In 1862, he crossed Australia from,, to in the. He was the first to cross the from north to south and then return again. Exploring Australia caused Stuart to become very sick from such as. He pushed himself to the very limits of human.

John Mcdouall Stuart

Each trip left him weaker and at the end of his last trip he was unable to walk or ride and had to be carried back. Stuart's discoveries opened up the country for the growth of farming sheep and cattle. His route was used to build the from Adelaide to which joined an undersea line from. This meant that for the first time, Australians could communicate quickly with the rest of the world.

But his personal were small. He was given some land by the government and a small from his. Stuart died poor in at the age of 50. John McDouall Stuart's birthplace, Dysart Stuart was born on 7 September 1815, at,.

His father, William Stuart, had been a captain in the. His mother was Mary McDouall.

John Mcdouall Stuart And John Mcgorrery

They had nine children, John McDouall was the sixth.:14 His parents died when he was ten years old. The children were separated and sent to live with different. Stuart was educated at the Scottish Naval and Military Academy in. He studied to be an and.:14 Australia [ ] In 1839, Stuart moved to Adelaide, South Australia, and began work as a. Adelaide had only been settled for two years and was mainly still a tent city.

Examview test generator for mac. The government needed to have maps so that land could be sold. Stuart worked for three years on the edges of the settled areas, measuring the land and dividing it into farm blocks. He learned skills to live and travel in the Australian bush. He was known as a heavy drinker, often spending days at a time drunk.:20 When a hit the South Australian, Stuart found himself without a job. D-link dp 301u.

Central Australian Expedition 1844 [ ]. The waterhole at Depot Glen Stuart joined 's to search for an inland sea in August 1844.

Sturt was so sure that there was an inland sea in the centre of Australia, that he took a large boat as part of his. Stuart joined the group as a draftsman, who would draw up the maps. He was paid one a week, and provided with food.:25 Stuart and James Poole, the second in command, were sent out ahead of the main group to find water.

The main group could only travel as fast as their flock of sheep could walk. Stuart and Poole found water at Depot Glen, near the current site of.:27 In the hot dry climate of summer, the group remained trapped at the waterhole for seven months.:27 Stuart took a small group to find water to the north, west, and east, but found none.

John Mcdouall Stuart

Stuart was left behind in charge of the main group at Depot Glen. It was very hot so they dug an underground room to keep cool. All the men became sick from because of the lack of fresh fruit and vegetables. This caused their gums to become soft and their teeth to fall out. They had, their noses bled, and their skin began to turn black. When Poole died, Stuart was made second in command.:29 He also became the surveyor and did all the mapping as Sturt could not see properly.

John Mcdouall Stuart View

Free openoffice org for mac. When it finally rained the group tried to keep going north but were blocked by the of the. They turned south and went back to the. Stuart took over as leader when Sturt became blind and too ill to lead the group.:31 They arrived back in Adelaide after six weeks hard travelling. Sturt had to be carried in a cart, and Stuart, with scurvy and beriberi, looked like a.:31 It took Stuart nearly a year to recover from the expedition. He wrote in a letter: 'I lost the power of my limbs for.

This entry was posted on 03.01.2018.